SH2IFT-2 Safe hydrogen fuel handling and use for efficient implementation 2

Hydrogen is an important vector in the ongoing transition to renewable energy sources. Insufficient knowledge about critical safety aspects related to large scale rollout of hydrogen technologies constitutes a considerable bottleneck for industry, government, end users and the general public.

SH2IFT-2 aims to close critical knowledge gaps identified by stakeholders from industry and government through development and redevelopment of existing modelling tools, leak-, fire- and explosion experiments of various scale, but also research based input to guidelines for safe use of hydrogen.

The project contains a large experimental program, including release of hydrogen and ammonia in confined, ventilated spaces, ignition of nonhomogeneous mixtures of hydrogen-air as a result of high-pressure leaks, and realistic fire scenarios with and without passive fire protection. The experimental results will be used to validate advance models, including commercial CFD code and phenomenological models.

SH2IFT-2 will explore a risk-based approach for operational safety. Materials testing will be conducted to study material compatibility and degradation characteristics. Modelling and measurement of degradation processes will constitute a basis for lifetime prediction (e.g. time-to-failure). Barriers for operational safety will be designed for risk-based guidelines for inspection planning. The development of new technologies constitutes a considerable challenge for conventional approaches to risk analysis and risk management. How good is the quality of risk assessments for new energy systems, and which factors are limiting for the quality? The strength of knowledge of risk evaluations for hydrogen systems will be investigated through studies of selected systems, including use of expert panels, questionnaires, blind-prediction, and comparative studies for different energy carriers. The project aims to make the risk evaluations meaningful and available for decision makers and other stakeholders

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About SH2IFT-2

SH2iFT is a Collaborative and Knowledge-building Project (KSP) funded by The Research Council of Norway‘s ENERGIX programme. The project has a four-year timeline and was started October 1 2021. The overall objective of SH2IFT-2 is to develop new knowledge on critical aspects of hydrogen safety, and at the same time facilitate the competence building required for supporting widespread use of hydrogen in society


The research partners in the project are Norwegian University of Science and Technology, University of Bergen, University of Stavanger, University of South-East Norway, RISE Fire Research, Gexcon, Karlsruhe Institute of Technolo, National Centre for Scientific Research «DEMOKRITOS» and SINTEF.

The project has the following sponsors from industry: Eviny, Equinor, Gassco, TotalEnergies, Safetec, Vipo, Gasnor, Møre og Romsdal Fylkeskommune, Greenstat Hydrogen, Ballard, Air Liquide, AkzoNobel, Engie, Technip,Energies, Shell, BP, Grtgas.

The project is Coordinated by SINTEF. Senior Scientist Thor Anders Aarhaug is the project manager.